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Check Out Ways Of Securing Your Computer

Casper Wamboko

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cybersecurity

In the world of today, in almost every country, computers have become indispensable to many of our lives. Computers are used in all trades including medicine, finance, agriculture, education and defense, just to name a few. Just like living beings, computers also get attacked by viruses.

A computer virus being a software program, designed by a computer genius, who distributes the virus through the internet or network servers. Viruses replicate and spread on their own, without exposing themselves. There are many types of known and unknown viruses such as worms, Trojan horses and boot sector viruses. A virus doesn’t damage the hardware of a computer but rather its software programs. Virus entry points are internet, email, network connections, disk swapping and pirated software. Most viruses are written for file types such as .EXE, .COM, .DOC and .MDB because they don’t need any arrangement to get affected.

In order to deal with the computer viruses, a good antivirus software will be needed to prevent, detect and eliminate viruses without destroying useful data. An antivirus software program can isolate unknown viruses and quarantine’s infected files, just like the case for a biological virus. Infected files are analyzed by the antivirus to determine their details, so that it can decide the proper diagnosis. Always check by scanning storage devices for virus infection, using antivirus program, before starting to use the devices. Make sure automatic antivirus protection is kept turned on at all times, as you use the computer. It’s wise to perform manual scans for viruses, every week.

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It’s also advisable to have long complicated passwords with both upper and lower case letters, plus numbers, so that you can prevent your data from being hacked. Never reply to malicious emails, that may seem attractive but don’t concern you, they are known as malware. Malware collects and manipulates data, once a computer user interacts with the malware, even by just clicking. Always remember to log out from internet accounts after using both public computers or at home, in order to maintain privacy of your data. Periodic backup of important documents should be made on flash drives, in case the system fails, there may be data to start from. Only buy legal copies of software programs including antivirus programs and avoid downloading pirated software from the internet.

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